PhD Student
Imperial College London
Department of Mathematics
Huxley Building
Room 6M09
E-mail address
Abstract. We work with non-planar rooted trees which have a label set given by an arbitrary vector space \(V\). By equipping \(V\) with a complete locally convex topology, we show how a natural topology is induced on the tree algebra over \(V\). In this context, we introduce the Grossman-Larson and Connes-Kreimer topological Hopf algebras over \(V\), and prove that they form a dual pair in a certain sense. As an application we define the class of branched rough paths over a general Banach space, and propose a new definition of a solution to a rough differential equation (RDE) driven by one of these branched rough paths. We show equivalence of our definition with a Davie-Friz-Victoir-type definition, a version of which is widely used for RDEs with geometric drivers, and we comment on applications to RDEs with manifold-valued solutions.
Abstract. We introduce a smooth quadratic conformal functional and its weighted version \[W_2=\sum_e \beta^2(e)\quad W_{2,w}=\sum_e (n_i+n_j)\beta^2(e),\] where \(\beta(e)\) is the extrinsic intersection angle of the circumcircles of the triangles of the mesh sharing the edge \(e=(ij)\) and \(n_i\) is the valence of vertex \(i\). Besides minimizing the squared local conformal discrete Willmore energy \(W\) this functional also minimizes local differences of the angles \(\beta\). We investigate the minimizers of this functionals for simplicial spheres and simplicial surfaces of nontrivial topology. Several remarkable facts are observed. In particular for most of randomly generated simplicial polyhedra the minimizers of \(W_2\) and \(W_{2,w}\) are inscribed polyhedra. We demonstrate also some applications in geometry processing, for example, a conformal deformation of surfaces to the round sphere. A partial theoretical explanation through quadratic optimization theory of some observed phenomena is presented.